GLOSSARY

 

GLOSSARY

TERM

DEFINITION

Acidic Cannabinoid The acidic version of a cannabinoid
ACMPR Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations
Adult user Cannabis consumer of legal age who uses cannabis for non medical purposes
Age verified Protection measure used to restrict access to content
Agonist A chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response
Anandamide A naturally occurring arachidonic acid derivative, present in some foods and in mammalian brains, where it acts as a messenger molecule and plays a role in pain, depression, appetite, memory, and fertility.
Antagonist A substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another.
BHO Butane hash oil –  potent form of cannabis concentrates that comes in various consistencies including budder, shatter, wax and more
Bill C45 Law that legalized recreational cannabis use nationwide in Canada in combination with its companion legislation Bill C-46, An Act to Amend the Criminal Code.
Bill C46 Law that aims to strengthen the criminal law response to both drug- and alcohol-impaired driving
Bioavailability The proportion of a drug or other substance, which enters the circulation when introduced into the body. It has an active effect.
Biofuel A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary processes from biomass, rather than a fuel produced by the very slow geological processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as oil.
Biomass The total mass of organisms in a given area or volume.
Blockchain Technology that allows digital information to be distributed, but not copied
Blunt A hollowed-out cigar filled with cannabis
Bong A bong is a filtration device generally used for smoking cannabis, or other herbal substances.
Buccal A method of administration involving placing a drug between your gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into your blood.
Budder Aerated with bubbles and a waxy consistency, similar to an aero bar, but generally much lighter in colour and opaque.
C1D1 Class 1 division 1
C1D2 Class 1 division 2
Cannabinoid Cannabinoids are compounds that make up the plants hemp and Marijuana
Cannabis A psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
Cannabis Act Law that legalized recreational cannabis use nationwide in Canada in combination with its companion legislation Bill C-46
Cannabis prescription Cannabis that is prescribed by physicians for their patients. Prescription is provided in grams.
Cannabaceae Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. Well known for their content of biologically-active terpenophenolic metabolites
Canoeing When a joint burns on one side but not the other
Cartridges A container holding a substance, designed for insertion into a mechanism.
Caryophyllene A natural bicyclic sesquiterpene that is a constituent of many essential oils, especially clove oil, the oil from the stems and flowers of Syzygium aromaticum, the essential oil of Cannabis sativa, rosemary, and hops.
CBC  Cannabichromene
CBD Cannabidiol
CBG  Cannabigerol
CBG  Cannabinol
CDSA Controlled Drug and Substance Act
Childproof Make inaccessible to children
Clones Cuttings from a marijuana plant – these cuttings make roots of their own and grow into an identical plant as the “mother”
Closed loop A closed loop control system is a set of mechanical or electronic devices that automatically regulates a process variable to a desired state or set point without human interaction.
CO2 A colourless gas with a density about 60% higher
COA Certificate of Analysis
Compound A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
Concentrates Products made from the cannabis plant that have been processed to keep only the most desirable plant compounds
Cone A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base. Cones are a shape of joint that differ from cigarette style rolling
Consumer packaged goods An industry term for merchandise that customers use up and replace on a frequent basis.
CRN numbers The Canadian Registration Number (CRN) is a number issued by each province or territory in Canada by an authorized safety authority for any boiler, pressure vessel or fitting that operates at a pressure greater than 15 psig (1 barg).
Cross breeding Produce a plant by hybridizing two different species, breeds, or varieties.
CSGA Canadian Seeds Grower Association
CTLS Cannabis Tracking and Licensing System
Cultivation The act of caring for or raising plants
Curing Curing is a slow aging process not generally performed by commercial producers at this time.
Dabbing Heating a small amount of cannabis extract (a dab) with a metal conductor and then inhaling the vapor
Decarboxylated Cannabis Activated Cannabis flower
Decarboxylation Process of converting acidic cannabinoids to activated ones
Diamonds/Sauce/HCE  Mixture of crystalized THCA and usually light runny oils
DIN Drug Identification Number
Discourse Written or spoken communication or debate
Distilate Highly refined cannabis extract. Highest purity
Dosing A certain quantity of cannabis to be taken at one time.
Dried Cannabis Plant matter that has been cured and dried and is ready to smoke
Dry Sift The result of mechanically removing the resin glands from the plant by sieving them with screens of different sizes
Drying Mass transfer process consisting of the removal of moisture
Dual user Cannabis patient who uses cannabis for medical purposes and  is of legal age to use cannabis for non medical purposes
ECS Endocannabinoid system
Edibles Items of food
Endocannabinoid System A biological system composed of endocannabinoids
Equivalency ratio Ratio of grams to ml.  Example 1gr = 3ml (3:1 ratio)
Ethanol A chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula C. 2H. 6O.
Excise stamp A type of revenue stamp affixed to cannabis goods with THC to indicate that the required excise tax has been paid by the manufacturer.
Extraction A separation process consisting of the separation of a substance from a matrix.
Female hybrid seeds A cross between two or more unrelated female inbred plants.
Feminized seeds Seeds that only produce female plants
Fibre Fibre, also called dietary fibre, is the part of plant foods that the body cannot digest.
Filter Can be made from different materials. Used in joints to help with the smoking experience
Flavinoids A group of plant metabolites thought to provide health benefits through cell signalling pathways and antioxidant effects.
Flower Rosin  Hash oil pressed out of dried flower buds.
Flowering The action of producing flowers
Full Spectrum Full spectrum products are associated with the “entourage effect” – this refers to the increased effectiveness of these products due to the different cannabinoids working synergistically.
Germination Germination is the process in which the seeds sprout and the root emerges
Grades Grades are a method of communicating (to the student, their parents, future professors, graduate schools, employers, etc.) something about the performance
Gram A metric unit of mass equal to ¹/₁₀₀₀ kilogram. 1 gram is equivilant to 1000mg
Guaiol Also known as champacol, it is an organic compound, a sesquiterpenoid alcohol found in several plants, especially in the oil of guaiacum and cypress pine
Guild An association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area
Hardgel capsules Vegan or gelatin based two piece capsule typically used for powders or dry materials
Harvest Process of gathering a ripe crop
Hash Cannabis product made from the resin of the cannabis plant
Hash press A pollen press can be used to press trichomes from female marijuana plants that have accumulated in a herb grinder, or by some other means, into a solid mass known hashish
HCE High Cannabinoid Extracts
Health Canada Canadian government body responsible for helping Canadians maintain and improve their health
Hemp A strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
Homogeneous An adjective that describes similar or uniform characteristics
HTE High Terpene Extracts
Hydrocarbon A compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those which are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas.
IHR Industrial Hemp Regulations
Indica Type of cannabis plant that has short bushy wide leaves. Can grow fast and have a high yield potential
IP Intellectual property
Isolate When you remove or set apart one thing from others,
Joint Cigarette style cannabis joint
KG Kilograms – the SI unit of mass – 1KG is equivalent to 1000gr
Kief Resin glands which contain the terpenes and cannabinoids that make cannabis so unique
License cultivar Licensed by Health Canada to Cultivate Cannabis
License processor Licensed by Health Canada to Process Cannabis
Licensed seller Licensed by Health Canada to Sell Cannabis
Lifecycle The developmental stages that occur during an organism’s lifetime.
Limonene A colourless liquid aliphatic hydrocarbon classified as a cyclic monoterpene, and is the major component in the oil of citrus fruit peels.
Linalool Two enantiomers of a naturally occurring terpene alcohol found in many flowers and spice plants.
Live Rosin  Hash oil pressed out of bubble hash made from fresh plants with no drying process.
Medical user Cannabis patient who uses cannabis for medical purposes
MG Milligram – A unit of measurement of mass in the metric system equal to a thousandth of a gram.
Milled Cannabis Ground up cannabis flower
MMAR Marijuana Medical Access Regulations
MMPR Marijuana for Medical Purposes Regulations
ML Milliliter – metric unit used to measure capacity that’s equal to one-thousandth of a liter
Mother plant A plant that is grown specifically to take cuttings from to make clones
Mould A fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.
Myrcene An olefinic natural organic hydrocarbon. It is more precisely classified as a monoterpene.
Nascent Just coming into existence
NCR Narcotic Control Regulations
Nerolidol Also known as peruviol and penetrol, it is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene alcohol found in the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers.
NHP Natural Health Product
NPN Natural Product Number
Ocimene A cannabis terpene carrying a sweet, herbaceous, and earthy aroma with hints of citrus.
Onset The beginning of something
Peer A person who belongs to the same age group or social group as someone else
Phytocannabinoids A molecule synthesized by plants
Pinene A bicyclic monoterpene chemical compound. There are two structural isomers of pinene found in nature: α-pinene and β-pinene.
Pipe Hollow bowl used for smoking loose leaf or flower; it is equipped with a hollow stem through which smoke is drawn into the mouth.
Potency A measure of drug activity expressed in terms of the amount required to produce an effect of given intensity.
Pre roll A joint that has been pre-rolled
Pre flowering phase Also called the stretch, this takes one day to two weeks.
Pressure vessel A container designed to hold material at high pressures.
Pull and snap  In between shatter and sap, will break when pulled or bent quickly
Raw Cannabis Cannabis in a fresh, non activated form
Raw concentrate A concentrate that is extracted from premium whole bud with no further refinement or winterization processe bud with no further refinement or winterization process
Receptor A region of tissue, or a molecule in a cell membrane, which responds specifically to a particular neurotransmitter, hormone, antigen, or other substance.
Regular seeds Pure original genetic that can offer female or male samples
Regulatory compliance An organization’s adherence to laws
Residual solvents Organic volatile chemicals that are used or produced in the manufacture of drug substances or excipients, or in the preparation of drug products.
Resin Mixtures of organic compounds.
Rolling paper A specialty paper used for rolling cannabis joints
Ruderalis Type of cannabis plant with short and stalky features. Ruderalis is hardier variety and can be grown in harsh conditions
S5 Bill proposes to amend the Tobacco Act, the Non-smokers’ Health Act and other related Acts. Its aim is to provide a mechanism to address risks to human health and safety for vaping products that are not marketed for a therapeutic purpose
Sap Very viscous liquid
Sativa Type of cannabis plant that grows tall and thin with narrow leaves. Can take longer to grow, mature, and require more light.
Science A branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws
Seed An embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Seedling A young plant, especially one raised from seed and not from a cutting.
Shatter A translucent glassy consistency that breaks easily when bent or poked
Shlef stability Able to survive long periods on store or home shelves without spoiling
Sift Rosin  Hash oil pressed out of sift or kief.
Smoking Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Softgel capsules Vegan or gelatin based single piece capsule typically used for oil or liquid-based supplements
Solvent Able to dissolve other substances
Solventless Extracts or concentrates produced without the use of a solvent
SOP Standard operating procedures
Starting materials Raw material cannabis that is used in the production of a cannabis
Sublingual Refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which substances diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.
Superfood Foods that are rich in nutrients.
Suppository A solid dosage form that is inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra, where it dissolves or melts and exerts local or systemic effects.
Synergistic effects An effect arising between two or more agents, entities, factors, or substances that produces an effect greater than the sum of their individual effects.
Synthetic Made by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product.
Terpenes A large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants
Terpinolene A sedative terpene that, similarly to camphene, produces an acrid smoke when burned.
THC Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
THCV/THV  Tetrahydrocannabivarin
Topical Products intended for application directly to an outside part of the body
Tracking system Application that enables the electronic recording, storing, handling, and reporting of data
Trichomes Fine outgrowths or appendages on cannabis plants
Trimming Small pieces trimmed off something
UL Canada Underwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC) is an independent product safety testing, certification and inspection organization.
Vaping Vaping is the inhaling of a vapor created by a vaping device.
Vaporizers A device using vaporization technology that allows users to inhale cannabis in vapor form, rather than smoke.
Vegetative Period where plants are busy carrying out photosynthesis and accumulating resources that will be needed for flowering and reproduction
Water soluable Able to be dissolved in water.
Wax/Crumble  Translucent/opaque that breaks apart like a butter or cheese. Should be easy to cut through
Winterization An oil refinement technique commonly used in biotechnology

 

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